Monday, August 24, 2020

Special Greetings in English for ESL Learners

Exceptional Greetings in English for ESL Learners It is entirely expected to utilize an uncommon welcome utilized only for that event on extraordinary days, occasions and other unique events. Here are the absolute generally normal: Birthday celebrations Upbeat birthday!Best wishes/Good karma on your thirtieth (age - utilize an ordinal number) birthday!Many glad returns! Wedding/Anniversary Congratulations!Best wishes/good karma on your tenth (number - utilize an ordinal number) anniversary!Heres to a lot increasingly upbeat years together (utilized when giving an impromptu speech) Uncommon Holidays Joyful Christmas!Happy New Year/Easter/Hanukkah/Ramadan etc.All the best for an upbeat New Year/Easter/Hanukkah/Ramadan and so on. When making uncommon welcome to youngsters on their birthday and at Christmas, it is additionally normal to ask them what they got: Joyful Christmas! What did you get from Santa Claus?Happy Birthday! What did your Daddy get for you? Exceptional Occasions Congrats on your promotion!All the best for your ...Im so glad for you! Progressively Social Language Key Phrases IntroductionsGreetingsSpeaking to StrangersTraveling phrases

Saturday, August 22, 2020

An Ideal Craftsman free essay sample

In Walter de la Mare’s â€Å"An Ideal Craftsman† the primary subject is malevolent in surprising spots. The story shows that detestable can be found in anybody, that anybody can submit acts that aren't right even those that we consider to be unadulterated and unequipped for wrong acts and sin. â€Å"An Ideal Craftsman† recounts to the tale of a homicide. A little fellow sets off on an experience in the night. He is awoken by a commotion and embarks to the kitchen to submit an attack on Jacob. The title of the story takes on a totally different significance once you have perused the story. De la Mare utilizes a play on the word â€Å"craftsman†. The young man is the ‘craftsman’ of the story. He coordinates how the homicide of Jacobs ought to be concealed to make it look just as he had ended it all. The title is unexpected. We will compose a custom article test on An Ideal Craftsman or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The numerous references to creatures and creature clamors all through the story represent underhandedness and indecency. One of the reoccurring creature references through the story is the one to a crow. Crows are frequently utilized as the image of death; they are viewed as an awful sign. It was once accepted that witches and magicians utilized the foot of a crow when throwing passing spells. Another creature reference that reoccurred all through the story is the manner by which the young man hushes up about referencing as a ferret and ferret like. Ferrets are individuals from the weasel family. Inferring that the young man is tricky and scheming. There is a nature of the little fellow that shows his honesty up until the point he meets the lady who was Jacob’s darling in the kitchen and he understands she has quite recently killed Jacob. The young man offers the expression that â€Å"Jacobs was only the sort of individual you’d hope to be a killer. Not this lady, so fat and moronic (pg. 14)†, again this shows terrible deeds can emerge out of unforeseen spots. Similarly as the little fellow can’t envision this lady being a killer, one would likewise not anticipate that a kid of his age should have the psyche this is something that she should conceal, not to mention have an arrangement with respect to how she would have the option to do as such. Similarly as the lady approaches the young man for help, â€Å"Where’s the door? Where’s the entryway, I state? I got lost there among them shrubberies. I can’t get out. D’ye see? I’ve lost the entryway. It’s dim. It’s please pouring. Where’s the door? (pg. 211)† The utilization of light in the story is a significant image utilized by de la Mare. It is just about a different character in the story as de la Mare portrays insidiousness through the dull symbolism of the story. Setting kids house (what the child would know †his entire world) Point of view †of the kid (first, second or third individual? ) Charactersâ€the kid, Jacob, the lady in the cap Symbolismâ€description of sounds, dimness, downpour, silver night (silver covering? ) at the outset you feel that he is a youthful gullible kid and afterward he ends up being.. Something about liquor? Reason for terrible conduct? Murmur in his final resting place/pg. 203, valley of death/pg 203; dividers hung with the very dimness of night pg. 04; dim states of the overwhelming furnishings, as he followed on all through this iridescent sundown pg. 204; Black hat (again dim becomes an integral factor) Darkness utilized as absence of honorableness Candle/passing association Darkness used to represent demise Valley of death? †pg. 203 Nocturnal is utilized to portray Jacobs pg 203 Crow utilized as image on page 204 just after valley of death? Again on 204, cackle utilized on 206 Crow is utilized as awful sign, issues, and passing †¦ crow is sign of death and struggle.

Thursday, July 23, 2020

Can Depression Turn Into Bipolar Disorder

Can Depression Turn Into Bipolar Disorder Depression Types Print Can Depression Turn Into Bipolar Disorder? By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Daniel B. Block, MD on January 29, 2020 twitter linkedin Daniel B. Block, MD, is an award-winning, board-certified psychiatrist who operates a private practice in Pennsylvania. Learn about our Medical Review Board Daniel B. Block, MD Updated on February 11, 2020 Bipolar Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children Your Rights dragana991 / Getty Images In This Article Table of Contents Expand Why Misdiagnosis Happens Complications of Misdiagnosis Reducing Misdiagnosis View All Bipolar disorder and depression share many of the same symptoms, but there are several key differences between the conditions. Depression (sometimes referred to as unipolar depression) and bipolar disorder (or bipolar depression) are two distinct conditions that need to be treated differently. Its very important that a person gets the correct diagnosis so they can receive proper treatment.?? Unfortunately, it can be difficult to tell the difference between the conditions, and misdiagnosis can happen. While clinical depression cannot evolve or turn into bipolar disorder, a person who was previously diagnosed with depression may find out that they actually have a type of bipolar disorder.?? It can be difficult to cope with a new or unexpected diagnosis, but having an accurate diagnosis is necessary to ensure the condition is treated properly. How Manic Depression Became Bipolar Disorder Why Misdiagnosis Happens While there are some characteristic features of each condition, many symptoms of bipolar disorder and depression overlap. When people have both conditions at the same time, or another factor such as substance use, making an accurate diagnosis can be challenging. Symptoms of Clinical Depression Verywell / Joshua Seong Although there are different types of depression, which can have unique characteristics, there are some symptoms that most people with depression feel at one time or another, such as: Feeling profoundly sad, hopeless, or emptyGetting angry, irritated, or frustrated easilySleeping too much (known as hypersomnia) or having insomniaPoor concentration or trouble focusingNot feeling hungry or overeatingA lack of interest in hobbies, work, socializingLow or no sex driveSelf-harm, suicidal thoughts or attempts Typically, a person must have symptoms every day for two weeks or longer to be diagnosed with depression. People with depression may also be likely to have comorbid anxiety disorders. People with bipolar disorder can experience anxiety as well, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).?? Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder in which a person experiences alternating periods of depression with symptoms similar to unipolar depression and periods of mania.  Periods of mania are defined by elevated mood and high energy. While in a manic state, a person can feel very good.  Compared to feelings of depression, manic symptoms may not be especially troubling. Manic episodes can also be infrequent, with gaps as long as several years occurring in between them. When symptoms do occur, they can be mild. Symptoms of mania may include: Feeling restless, increased activity or energyEuphoria, excitement, big ideas (grandiosity)Having trouble focusing, getting distracted, thinking about many different thingsAggression, getting angry or irritated easilySleeping less but still having energyIncreased sex driveDelusions, hallucinations (severe mania) In some cases, a person with bipolar depression may not mention manic symptoms to a doctor or therapist unless, or until, they become severe. Types of Bipolar Its important to know that there are two types of bipolar disorder: bipolar 1 and bipolar 2. While the symptoms of each type are similar, they differ in frequency and duration. Verywell / Hugo Lin Bipolar 1 disorder typically involves at least one major depressive episode. How its different from depression is that people with bipolar disorder have also experienced at least one manic episode. In bipolar 1, people may alternate between periods of depression and mania. In bipolar 2 disorder, a person may not experience mania. Rather, they may have a lesser form (hypomania) interspersed with depression. When symptoms are subtle, people may not realize they are experiencing mania. The lows of depression may be more obvious or recognizable, which can contribute to a misdiagnosis of depression. People with either type of bipolar disorder can experience the following symptoms, depending on whether they are experiencing a manic or depressive phase. How to Recognize a Manic Episode Overlapping Symptoms There are many symptoms that are common to depression and bipolar disorder. When a person with a type of bipolar disorder is experiencing a depressive episode, it can look (and feel) very much like a classic bout of depression. People with depression or bipolar disorder can experience low mood, trouble sleeping, changes in appetite, and problems focusing. They are also at risk of self-harming, including suicide. Individuals with bipolar disorder often have issues with excessive sleep and overeating, which can help distinguish between MDD and bipolar disorder. One of the primary ways to distinguish bipolar disorder from depression is the presence of manic symptoms, but a person may seek treatment for their depressive symptoms before they have experienced a manic episode. Sometimes, people do not recognize that they have had an episode of maniaâ€"especially with a more subtle, hypomanic episode. Symptoms and Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder How Substance Use Can Affect Diagnosis Substance misuse can complicate mental illness diagnosis in a number of ways. A person who is using substances such as alcohol or drugs may exhibit behaviors or symptoms that look like bipolar disorder. Misdiagnosis can occur if a provider does not know the person is using substances and attributes symptoms related to use with bipolar disorder. But some research has suggested bipolar disorder may be misdiagnosed even when a clinician is aware of a persons history of substance use.?? Alternatively, people who are using drugs or alcohol may not be correctly diagnosed with bipolar disorder if their symptoms are attributed to substance use rather than underlying bipolar disorder. Substance use disorders frequently co-occur with many mental illnesses, including bipolar disorder and depression. Why Mental Health Disorders Co-Exist With Substance Use Complications of Misdiagnosis One of the potential complications of misdiagnosis is that bipolar disorder and depression require different treatments. Unfortunately, antidepressants, the treatment of choice for depression, may not work for people with bipolar disorder. In fact, when people with bipolar disorder take certain antidepressant medications, their symptoms can become worse. Their mood may become unstable and they may have an increase in the frequency of manic episodes. If F has not yet had a manic episode, these medications may trigger them to experience one. Rather than antidepressants, most people with bipolar disorder need treatment with mood-stabilizing drugs, such as lithium. Reducing the Risk of Misdiagnosis Clinicians can take several steps to ensure they are making an accurate diagnosis. The risk of misdiagnosis is still present, but it can be reduced.?? If you are working with a doctor or mental health professional, there are a few approaches to your assessment they may use to help them provide the most accurate diagnosis possible. History Taking A doctor or mental health professional will start by asking you about your symptoms. As it can be difficult for people to explain their feelings or note patterns, it can also be helpful for them to talk to your loved ones, as they may have noticed changes in your behavior or made other observations about your moodâ€"some of which you may not even be aware of. Clinicians may make a special point to ask about the symptoms associated with mania, such as elevated mood, irritability, or reckless behavior. They may also ask about a family history of mental illness. If a person has a first-degree relative with bipolar disorder or a history of manic episodes, they are at a higher risk for bipolar disorder. If someone has not been formally diagnosed but experienced a manic episode after starting an antidepressant, that may also indicate bipolar disorder rather than depression. Your doctor will likely ask questions about the onset of symptoms. The symptoms of bipolar disorder tend to start abruptly and make come on earlier (teens or early 20s). Depression, on the other hand, may be more gradual and can develop any timeâ€"even in childhood. People with bipolar disorder also tend to experience change or recovery of symptoms (from low mood to feeling better, for example) more quickly than people with depression. In general, people with depression do not experience alternating moodsâ€"they feel low most or all of the time. These bouts of depression also tend to last for long periods of time, whereas people with bipolar disorder may have shorter bouts of depression. Diagnostic Tools The Mood Disorder Questionnaire, the Bipolar Spectrum Diagnostic Scale, and the Hypomanic Personality Scale are some of the diagnostic instruments used to screen for bipolar disorder.?? These tools focus on questions about potential mania and hypomania symptoms, which are important for distinguishing between a diagnosis of bipolar and unipolar depression. Clinicians will also want to find out if you have experienced any symptoms of psychosis, such as hallucinations. While psychotic symptoms can occur in other mental health disorders, its also a feature that can help distinguish between bipolar disorder and depression. Bipolar Disorder With Mixed Features Follow-Up Your doctor or mental health professional may want you to try mood charting to help keep track of your symptoms. This practice can be especially helpful for detecting episodes of hypomania and tracking the frequency of mood swings. You may be asked to keep a log of your mood after starting an antidepressant. If you develop new symptoms (such as mania) or worsening symptoms after starting these medications, it may indicate that you have bipolar disorder rather than depression. Staying in contact with your mental health care team while you are in the process of being diagnosed or starting treatment is important, especially if you are trying medications. In some cases, antidepressants can make symptoms of depression worse. If you are under the age of 25, the risk of suicidal thoughts can increaseâ€"which is why antidepressants have a black box warning from the FDA. If you, or your loved ones, notice a change in your behavior that is worrisome, talk to your doctor or psychiatrist. They may decide you need another type of treatment. Do not stop or take less of the antidepressant you have been prescribed unless you are being supervised by your doctor or psychiatrist. If you want to stop taking a medication or switch to a new prescription, ask your doctor how to safely reduce your dose to avoid withdrawal. A Word From Verywell Even when a doctor or mental health professional is thorough in assessing your symptoms and history, misdiagnosis can still happen. You can help by being as accurate and detailed as you can when reporting your symptoms to a clinician. If the diagnosis you have been given doesnt feel like the right fit, its important that you express these concerns to your health care team. It may help to be assessed by another practitioner. Your mental health and well-being depend on receiving an accurate diagnosis and having access to the treatment that best suits your needs. How to Explain Bipolar Disorder to Loved Ones

Friday, May 22, 2020

Exploring Perceptions of Parents on Head Teachers’...

Journal of Education and Practice ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online) Vol 3, No 13, 2012 Exploring Perceptions of Parents on Head Teachers’ Financial Management Skills in Public Primary Schools in Tanzania 1. 2. Juma Saidi Mwinjuma1* Roselan Bin Baki2 Assistant Lecturer University of Dodoma, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management and Policy Studies, Currently Pursuing PhD in Educational Administration, University Putra Malaysia Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Educational studies, University Putra Malaysia *E-mail of the corresponding author: Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the observations of parents on head teachers’ financial management skills in public†¦show more content†¦The contributing factor might therefore be ineffective management of school finance. Direct financial support to primary schools is a new observable fact in Tanzanian context. Little has been done as regards to how financial records are kept at school level, specifically capitation grants and the mechanisms through which the funds are used. Reviews from government reports indicate that in some schools, the funds were not fully utilized to serve the purpose in relation to centrally determined plans to attain the intended goals (REPOA and URT, 2004; URT, 2003). This issue is significant because there is relationship between the way 74 Journal of Education and Practice ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online) Vol 3, No 13, 2012 financial records are kept and appropriate procurement of educational resources. Sample of studies on primary school financing studies such as Financial Decentralization (Komba, 2003; Dachi, 1994), Management of Education Institutions (Ndabise, 1992) and other studies on primary schools in Tanzania have not explored stakeholders’ perspectives on the manner head teachers manage school finances in public primary schools. This paper attempted to investigate

Thursday, May 7, 2020

How the Media Distorts Male Self-Perception Essay

How the Media Distorts Male Self-Perception Women are insecure. They constantly diet and scrutinize their bodies. They fall victims to the anorexically thin models appearing in the media. Why do men have it so easy? For years these questions are what women asked themselves. In a world where appearance is everything, women have been the main source of all the hype concerning the image and body. Advertisements have been criticized for years about putting the pressures of the â€Å"perfect† body into the heads of millions of women. Up until a few years ago, it was believed that only women had the eyes of society on them. Now the scales are balancing. More men are beginning to feel pressured, by the same society, to†¦show more content†¦This transformation exhibits how society changed in its perspective on physical appearance. This marked the beginning of men’s desire for what women had been calling the â€Å"perfect† body. Before World War II, money was not lavishly spent on the perfection of the body (Luciano 11). After the return of the soldiers, men had more money as women retained their postwar jobs. With women making substantially larger paychecks, men had the ability to spend more time and money to make themselves look like the models displayed in the media. With the new advertisements by Calvin Klein, such as the Mark Wahlberg, also known as Marky Mark, steamy ads for men’s briefs, the appearance of male bodies has intensified (Luciano 112). More and more men, now with the monetary means of looking good, are trying to achieve perfection with their bodies. They want to have the same bodies as those shown in the advertisements and, at times, will not stop until they have reached that goal (Grogan 95). As exposure to the male body expands, the demand for â€Å"chiseled† bodies greatens. In recent years, the number of memberships and frequency of visits to health clubs has increased (Luciano 3). In one year alone, four billion dollars was spent on exercise equipment and health club memberships. â€Å"An estimated eighty-five million Americans, mostly male, are doing some sort of weightShow MoreRelatedThe Media Of Female Offenders1561 Words   |  7 PagesThe media today, is highly selective in their constructions of offences, offenders and victims. Media representations of crime are moulded and women are portrayed in a way that is entertainment driven and is appealing to the audience. Despite the fact that women seldom stalk, murder outsiders or commit sequential murders- in fact they are rarely vehement, â€Å"accounting for only ten percent of convicted violent offenders- those who do so are highly newsworthy because of their novelty† (Jewkes 2011,Re ad MoreMedia Vs Body Image1385 Words   |  6 PagesWhoever controls the media, controls the mind. Jim Morrison. Since World War II, the media has increasingly advertised a slimmer and thinner body image for the ideal body type. 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If viewing these portrayals is accepted, then mass media does in fact negativelyRead MoreThe Superhero Effect: Idealism and Stereotypes in Comic Books1577 Words   |  7 PagesIn our society, certain ideals are held in high regard. Individuals relentlessly pursue these ideals to achieve a perceived perfection. These principles are often depicted in media that further glorifies and establishes a desire to pursue these paragons. In a medium such as comic books, however, these standards and perceptions are heavily distorted by the characterizations and settings. Particularly, the superhero genre absorbs the ideals we strive towards and regurgitates them in an extreme and unrealisticRead MoreThe Representation of Young Black Men in the Media News1028 Words   |  4 PagesYOUNG BLACK MEN IN THE MEDIA (NEWS) We live in a media saturated environment where everything we know and what we consider to be important is often based on stories produced and displayed to us by the media, Brooks and Hebert (2006). Much of what we know and care about is based on the images, symbols and narratives in radio, television, film, music and other media systems. How individuals construct their social identities, how they come to understand what it means to be male, female, Black, WhiteRead MoreThe Bluest Eyes By Toni Morrison951 Words   |  4 PagesSociety’s perception of women is based on certain characteristics; Toni Morrison demonstrates this through her characters. Claudia, the youngest character, represents innocence that is conflicted between her own sensible judgment and what is expected of her. Pauline internalizes expectations, and lives accordingly, but lacks self-identity. Having no sense of self she finds herself seeking validation from those who should not affect her. The Bluest Eyes b y Toni Morrison focuses on the hardships thatRead MoreSocial Media And Its Effects On Society1240 Words   |  5 Pagesenhanced to appear to be exceptionally more flawless than they actually are. The standard of body shape that the media presents influences how people view themselves, and can possibly lead to long term health issues. The â€Å"perfect body† is most commonly viewed as a thinner figure with a defined waist. No one ever said that women were made to fit into this mold of the perfect body. The social media has created a standard of beauty that consists of the â€Å"perfect body†. Most famous people fit into this standard

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Did 9/11 Bring People Together Free Essays

How did the 9/11 bring people together? Or Did the 9/11 bring people together? The 9/11 was a very significant event and brought many people together in many different ways. In circumstances of extreme stress we hear moving accounts of people going out of their way to help each other. Studies show that acute stress can lead to greater cooperative, social and friendly behaviour, even in men. We will write a custom essay sample on How Did 9/11 Bring People Together or any similar topic only for you Order Now This more positive reaction can help the human connections that occurred during the time of crisis associated with the 9/11. Social connections are particularly important under stress because stress naturally leads so a sense of vulnerability and loss of control, this is an example of why the people of not only America, but the world came together through this tormenting time to support one another. The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched upon the United States in New York and Washington D. C area by an Islamic terrorist group, al-Qaeda. On the morning of September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger jets. American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 crashed into the North and South towers of the World Trade Centre as suicide attacks. Both towers collapsed and debris led to the partial collapse of all other buildings in the New York World Trade Centre. The third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, was crashed into the Pentagon, which was the headquarters of the United States Department of Defence. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was targeted at the United States Capitol in Washington, D. C. , but crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania after its passengers fought back against the al-Qaeda terrorists. Almost 3000 people died in the 9/11 attacks. An example of the 9/11 bringing people together is the cooperation of different religious groups. Churches that typically held services only on Sundays opened their doors on the Tuesday of the attacks and held them open for some following days and for a short time attendance in churches and other houses of worship skyrocketed. Members of religious groups met together and tried to understand each other’s beliefs to help one another. A decade later, a group of religious leaders representing the Christian, Islamic and Jewish faiths met to plan a special interfaith service for the 10th anniversary of the 9/11. The service included prayers, music, Scripture and short messages from participants. The organisers went to great lengths to celebrate religious diversity and to make sure readings and prayers are as universal as possible. Deidre Gordon, a member of the Islamic centre reinforced the idea of the 9/11 bringing people together. â€Å"It’s a chance to recognize beneath all this diversity, we have a lot we share. † We hear often hear moving stories of strangers coming together to help save each other from the burning buildings, one of which I came across was this; â€Å"Today, after a 72 hour shift at the fire station, a woman ran up to me at the grocery store and gave me a hug. When I tensed up, she realized I didn’t recognise her. She let go with tears of joy in her eyes and said, â€Å"On 9-11-2001, you carried me out of the World Trade Centre. † As you can see the 9/11 did bring people together, 12 years ago, President George W. Bush proclaimed, â€Å"America is united. † The production of American flags surged and the flags soared, and America really was united. America mourned together, raged together and resolved together. They reached out to others in a way most didn’t do previously. How to cite How Did 9/11 Bring People Together, Essays

Monday, April 27, 2020

Symbolism In The Crysanthemums Essays - The Chrysanthemums

Symbolism In The Crysanthemums Symbolism in The Chrysanthemums At first glance John Steinback's The Chrysanthemums' seems to be a story of a woman whose niche is in the garden. Upon deeper inspection, the story reveals strong symbolisms of children, vulnerability, and connection--being the most important, of the main character. Elisa Allen is the main character who is at her strongest and most proud in the garden and weakened when she becomes vulnerable and loses her connection to the outer world. Elisa shows a new aura of confidence when she makes this connection to a peddler, who also is the cause of her realization of reality and her crying. The chrysanthemums symbolize Elisas children. She tends her garden and handles the chrysanthemums with love and care, just as she would handle her own children. Elisa is protective of her flowers and places a fence around them; she makes sure that no aphids, no sowbugs or snails or cutworms are t here. Her terrier fingers destroyed such pests before they could get started ( 221). These pests represent something that harms the flowers, and she removes them before they can harm her children. The chrysanthemums are symbolic of her children, and she is very proud of them. She is happy and pleased by her ability to nurture the chrysanthemums as she would her children. Elisa's vulnerability is shown through her experience with the peddler shows an interest in the chrysanthemums when he describes them as a quick puff of colored smoke (223). By admiring the chrysanthemums, he figuratively admires Elisa Allen. The peddler gives Elisa a connection that she can't do with anyone else. By giving him the pot to put the chrysanthemum seedlings in, she gives him the symbol of her inner-self. She begins to feel hope as the peddler leaves. She dresses up nice and prepares for her night out with her husband. This preparation process symbolizes that she is preparing for a change in her life. Her washing and dressing is symbolic of her transition. Tearing off her soiled clothes and flinging them into the corner, she scrubbed herself with a little block of pumice, legs and thighs, loins and chest and arms, until her skin was scratched and red. This is symbolic of Elisa coming out of her old being, releasing a newness she had become to know. She tightened her stomach and threw out her chestShe put on her newest under-clothing and her nicest stocking and the dress which was the symbol of her prettiness. She worked carefully on her hair, penciled her eyebrows and rouged her lips. All of this is brought about because one man took interest in her private pleasure-the chrysanthemums. Her connection with the peddler has made her come out of the fence that she is so used to being inside of. She is free and she likes it. Elisa has seemed to undergo a complete metamorphosis from being an unsocial housewife to a confident woman when she makes this connection. She boasts, I am strong. I never knew before how strong. Unfortunately, at the conclusion of Steinbeck's short story, Steinbeck has her fall right back into the rut she so despised. When she realized that the peddler had dumped out the seeds and soil, and she comes back to reality and turned up her coat collar so her husband could not see that she was crying weakly-like an old woman. She is crushed and all that she had gained that day was taken away. This story expresses how easy it is for someone's hopes and confidence can be crushed if it is given into the wrong person's hands. The title The Chrysanthemums is used to point out that Elisa's chrysanthemums are an image of her. The image reflects how she feels towards children through her flowers, what her vulnerabilities are, and how she uses them to make connections. Elisa accomplished what she always wanted, but in the end a careless peddler took that away. She returned to being her old self, the self that lived within her own garden and fence. Bibliography Works Cited Steinback, John. The Chrysanthemums. Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Eds. X. J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 8th ed. New York: Longman, 2002. 245-253. English Essays